Nowadays one can distinguish between the Protestant churches the traditional or historical calls, the Pentecostals, these fruits of the nineteenth-century revival movement in England and the United States, in addition to the neo-Pentecostals, which emerged in the early 1930s.1 According to sociologists Ivani Vasconcelos de Camargo and Jôse Rocha Fogaça (1997), it can be observed that there are in Protestantism two currents composed of faithful of different social strata: the first chain is that of Pentecostalism – religious belief based on spiritual attributes referred to in the New Testament, for example, to speak unknown languages - and that it expands mainly among blacks and browns, in the lower income classes, and with less schooling. The second group is that of the historic evangelicals – a category generally used to designate the denominations linked to the Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century – which includes Baptists, Presbyterians, Independent Presbyterians, Methodists, Lutherans, Episcopalians and Anglicans, of white people with higher incomes and more education. Still according to the researchers, in Brazil the growth of Pentecostals has been higher than that of historical evangelicals. The Protestant churches, due to the appreciation of music in their cults, emphasize musical education, Musicas Evangélicas albeit informally. Many evangelical churches have a music school,
Walker (1967) can be consulted. which serves not only its congregations in various age groups but also the people of the community. Thus, the consequences of the growth of the number of evangelicals are many for the field of music. It is estimated that the “evangelical market” in the country will move more than three billion reais per year and create two million direct and indirect jobs. According to Edward (2002), we can mention the existence of 96 record companies and the control of 934 educational institutions at various levels, which receive 740 thousand students of elementary and secondary education. Music is an essential component of evangelical worship, along with prayers and preaching or sermon. However, worship can take place in different ways, depending on the emphasis given on one or the other component. These variations exist and are found between different denominations and between churches of the same denomination. Thus, music is used in evangelical churches in their vocal and instrumental form. The vocal is performed mainly by the congregation, which sings the hymns of the hymnals of the different denominations, accompanied by harmonic instruments, mainly the organ and / or piano, or keyboards. To the corals existing in evangelical churches since its implantation in Brazil it is necessary to perform hymns and other special pieces for choirs – antemas -, usually accompanied by a piano or organ. To develop such musical activities, churches need skilled people as regents and organists or pianists. Evangelical churches have sought to keep people musically prepared to lead musical activities. Some churches have given the title of “music minister” or “minister of praise” to this music leader responsible for conducting and performing ecclesiastical musical activities, especially those who, in addition to musical training, have theological-ministerial area. Over time, the music practiced in the churches, and that has been running on certain radio stations, came to be called gospel music. What is gospel music According to contemporary Christian music researcher Sandro Baggio (2005: 16), gospel music is a style of its own.